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Report of the General Meeting of the Doukhobor Community held in Nadezhda Village, February 15, 1906

 

Manitoba Morning Free Press

 

During the first decades of the twentieth century, the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood was governed by general meetings that were held early each year to receive the annual report and financial statement prepared by the representative committee and to vote on various matters of policy and practice brought before them. These gatherings were typically attended by two delegates from each village, the administrators in charge of community affairs and the leader Peter “Lordly” Verigin. The following is a rare extant report of the general meeting of the Doukhobor Community held at Nadezhda village, Saskatchewan, on February 16, 1906, as published in the Manitoba Morning Free Press, Wednesday, April 25, 1906. The minutes provide extraordinary insight into the administrative matters of the day, including the role of women in the Community and their participation in general meetings, immigration assistance to the Yakutsk exiles, the leader’s interpretation of a Doukhobor psalm, the treatment of animals, need for a hospital, and capital expenditures. In addition, the general account leaves no doubt of the extent of the material achievements of the Community under Verigin’s leadership at this time.

 


 

The number of people attending from the 44 villages (two men delegates and one woman from each village) was 132.  Besides these there were present those in charge of various Doukhobor affairs: Nicholas Zibaroff, V. A. Potapoff, Ivan Podovinnikoff, Paul Planidin, Fedor Soukhocheff, Evan Verigin, Evan Konkin, English translator Simeon Reibin, and, as representative of the Doukhobor Social-Religious society, Peter Veigin. Total present, 141. The meeting started at 10 a.m.

 

1. The meeting was opened by the Lord’s Prayer, “Our Father,” by Anastasia V. Popova, delegate from Otradnoe village.

 

2. Peter Vasiilivitch Verigin remarked that the meeting place (one of the village houses) was very small for so large a number of people as 141, and that the Doukhobors in the three years they lived in community should have been able to erect a larger building for meetings. All present agreed to this.

 

3. Peter Verigin also expressed himself that the attendance of women at these meetings was very remarkable for our time; as all cultured people now commenced to feel that women must be equal partners with men in all their life, and probably the Doukhobors were the first to invite women to attend such a meeting, which reflected honor to the men. Peter Verigin then spoke in turn to the women, saying that women should with gratitude accept such invitation, and in future with full feeling of equal power, start on the same footing as men in our common life. The women were very satisfied and thankful.

 

4. The community accounts for 1905 were then rendered, being read by Simeon Reibin. Explanations were made by those in charge of the buying of goods and implements: Nicholas Zibaroff and V.A. Potapoff, and questions having been asked by some delegates, the accounts were passed by the meeting as correct and very satisfactory.

 

5. Evan E. Konkin gave an account of his expenditure while assisting the immigration of the Yakoutsk brethren. The rumour that Konkin had been spending money without keeping account during this journey was found incorrect, as he gave very particular account of income and expenditure regarding every man separately. His personal expenditure was not specially large. His account is included in the generally account for 1905.

 

6. The general account having been accepted as satisfactory by the meeting, it was decided to proceed with the election of managers of community affairs for 1906. The meeting rendered its thanks to those in charge for the past year, and asked them to continue for another year, they being fully acquainted with all affairs. The following were elected for 1906.

 

For purchasing goods and implements: Nicholas Zibaroff and V.A. Potapoff, re-elected and Vasil Sherstobitoff and Dimitry Gritchin in addition.

 

To superintend village horses, and, if necessary to buy more: Paul Planidin and Fedor Sookhocheff, re-elected, and Simeon Negraeff and Peter Chernoff in addition. Simeon Reibin was re-elected as English correspondent and Evan Konkin was appointed assistant Russian correspondent.

 

7. It was suggested to make an inventory of all property belonging to the community beyond the village outfits, viz., engines, separators, sawmills, etc., and this was then made and attached to the general accounts.

 

8. Altogether, in three years’ time of community life the purchases amounted to six hundred thousand ($600,000) dollars (for 1905 about $240,000; 1904, $160,000; 1903, $200,000), and as all goods have been bought as far as possible at first hand from wholesale houses, there has been a saving of at least one hundred and fifty thousand ($150,000) dollars, for instance: Prices – enamelled saucepans costing in local towns $1 each, were bought from factory warehouses for 60c; binders, $165 for $115; cloth, 90c per yard, for 60c; Prints, 12c for 8c; Axes (Best) $1.25 for 85c; Denims, 25c for 18c; Black Drill 20c for 13c; Horses which cost were $150.00 each were bought in a large bunch of 300 heads in 1903 for $75.00 each. Deducting freight of goods and expenses of buyers there remains a net profit of 25 percent.

 

At 6 p.m. the meeting was declared closed. At 1 p.m., there was an interval of 1, 1-2 hours for dinner and during the day the meeting adjourned twice to change the air of the house, singing hymns meanwhile.

 

9. February 16th. All delegates met at 9 a.m., the meeting was opened with prayer of psalm, “Being born young youth from holy Clouds” . . .  Peter V. Verigin explained the meaning of this psalm for our life: “We the Doukhobors as young children accepted the Covenant from the holy Clouds, by which we should understand from holy, enlightened men who renewed the life of humanity from the time of Christ up to our own days. We must look back on the past with feelings of thankfulness as on the commencement of our life and in future more and more to strengthen and attain, passing from the age of youth to more consciously wide existence.” Referring to olden times, before Christ, Peter Verigin refused to examine or estimate the holiness of people in the sense of real truth and enlightenment, he took as an example from the Bible the life of Samson. Notwithstanding that Samson was very strong physically, once tearing the mouth of a lion, he was not ashamed to kill 30 men, whose clothing he brought as a payment to the parents of the girl he intended to marry. In conclusion Peter Verigin said that if they want examples there are sufficient holy enlightened men of newest time starting from Christ, and especially it is necessary for each man to be controlled in his life by his own conscience.

 

10. The whole meeting expressed a desire that for future understanding, the meaning of community life should be more clearly defined as: - 1. Spiritual fellowship and meakness between men in which people are understanding great gentleness and (2) Material profit.

 

11. The question was raised, How should we treat animals? It was decided by the whole meeting that as we are not killing animals for food we should treat them as well as possible; as for instance: especially cows, should have nice light, dry quarters, work horses should not draw too heavy loads and in winter should not be taken out of the stables for heavy work if it be colder than 20 degrees Reaumur (-13 Fah’t) and generally work should not be done with horses during very severe frosts.

 

12. Sieves have been fitted all Community Flour Mills; and the meeting unanimously decided that notwithstanding the heavy crop of 1905 the sieves should be arranged to take out not more bran than 1 in 10, so not to waste the wheat uselessly. All wheat for grinding must be perfectly clean and dry.

 

13. The question of building large roller flour mills was brought up. The whole meeting agreed that it was necessary to build such mills, as at present each village had, from the crop of 1905 far more wheat than was needed for one year and it would be most profitable to grind surplus wheat into flour and sell it in that form. There will be a large profit in such operation as it is possible to sell flour for more than wheat. For such purpose it will be necessary in time to build on railway lines warehouses for flour. The meeting decided to build a flour mill near the railway at Verigin Station. It will be necessary to build with flour mill an oatmeal mill as well. The whole meeting agreed that this would be very desirable, as oatmeal will be very valuable as a food, especially with milk for children.

 

14. It was decided to build a warehouse for flour at Yorkton during the coming summer.

 

15. Peter V. Verigin brought forward the question as to whether it would be desirable to build a hospital, as he had noticed very many Doukhobors were going to the doctors in the local towns. Our own hospital would be more useful and satisfactory in every way. At this time a letter was read from Russia from Ivan and Olga Vasileva who offered their services to the Community, one as a teacher and the other as a nurse. By the desire of the majority the question as to a hospital was left undecided, the meeting agreeing that the delegates should speak of the matter in their villages and decide definitely later.

 

16. It was unanimously decided to buy about 100 teams of horses, which will be necessary for executing the railway contract. Delegate Michael Androsoff from Village Novoe remarked that it would be wise to buy young horses, 3 to 4 years old, and put same in the villages, while heavy, strong horses are sent from the villages to the railway. The latter will bear heavy work better and the young <indecipherable>. The whole meeting was in agreement with this.

 

17. It was decided that for the same railway contract must be bought as soon as possible oats, and also all tools such as scrapers, wheelbarrows, shovels, etc.

 

18. In conclusion the men of the meeting referred to the women delegates, asking them to tell all the women in the villages to be imbued with the sentiment of high duty as mothers of manhood; to commence in future to ennoble man; as by nature itself women are much softer in character than men. They, men in daily life are moving amid ruder surroundings, doing hard work, hauling timber, and suffering from winter colds, and there is no wonder that the character is much ruder than that of women. It is very desirable that when men will return from their outdoor work, women should give them solace and good comfort in their homes.

 

A psalm was then sung “Protect us Lord and have mercy upon us,” and with sincere wishes for every success from the Lord in their future life and with greetings from all to all brothers and sisters in every village, the meeting was declared ended at 7 p.m.

 

Glory to God.

 

An account of Income and Expenditures of The Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood in Canada, for 1905:

 

Income from Villages

 

 

 

Part 1.

 

 

 

Village –

 

 

 

1 –   Otradnoe                                                                                                   

$3,910.05

2 –   Smirenie                                                                                                   

$2,516.70

3 –   Nadeshda                                                                                                 

$2,243.45

4 –   Prakuratovo                                                                                             

$1,530.50

5 –   Spaskoe                                                                                                   

$2,954.70

6 –   Lubovnoe                                                                                                 

$2,478.35

7 –   Efremovo and Trushdenie                                                                         

$3,265.60

8 –   Voskresenie                                                                                             

$3,082.85

9 –   Trudolubivoe                                                                                            

$2,368.80

10 – Tambovskoe                                                                                            

$3,765.15

11 – Vossianie                                                                                                  

$2,600.10

12 – Petrovo                                                                                                    

$2,792.75

13 – Vernoe                                                                                                     

$2,034.35

14 – Blagodarnoe                                                                                             

$3,046.20

15 – Terpenie                                                                                                   

$2,543.95

16 – Rodionovo                                                                                               

$3,289.10

17 – Sovetnoe                                                                                                  

$3,350.70

18 – Besednoe                                                                                                 

$2,656.05

19 – Novoe                                                                                                      

$1,000.65

20 – Blagoveshenie                                                                                           

$4,830.30

21 – Slavnoe                                                                                                    

$2,198.15

22 – Kapoostino                                                                                              

$2,661.90

23 – Osvobojdenie                                                                                           

$2,749.80

24 – Lebedeva                                                                                                 

$2,693.25

25 – Lubomirnoe                                                                                              

$3,250.35

26 – Klebodarnoe                                                                                            

$2,629.20

27 – Pakrovskoe                                                                                              

$2,821.30

28 – Vosnosenie                                                                                               

$3,197.00

29 – Vera                                                                                                         

$2,033.15

30 – Simeonova                                                                                               

$2,080.55

31 – Tichomirnoe                                                                                             

$2,370.50

32 – Kamenka                                                                                                 

$2,488.40

33 – Michaelovo                                                                                              

$2,261.60

34 – Troetskoe                                                                                                 

$1,200.00

35 – Oospenie                                                                                                  

$3,011.50

36 – Bogom-Dannoe                                                                                        

$2,012.55

37 – Pavlovo                                                                                                    

$2,577.70

38 – Blagosklonnoe                                                                                          

$2,830.65

39 – Kolmikovo                                                                                               

$2,286.60

40 – Ooteshenie                                                                                               

$2,252.20

41 – Razbegaylovo                                                                                           

$1,142.15

42 – Moesaevo                                                                                                

$2,917.30

43 – Kirilovo                                                                                                    

$1,914.50

44 – Goreloe                                                                                                    

$1,160.70

 

 

Total                                                                                                            

$114,136.60

 

 

Income Common

 

 

 

Part No 2 –

 

 

 

1 –   Loan from Bank B.N.A. Yorkton                                                           

$50,500.00

2 –   To cash received from Prince Albert brothers towards

 

         payment for land near village Vernoe                                                         $5,000.00

 

3 –   To sale of 13,771 lbs of 1904 senega root at 55 cts. per lb                        

$7,754.00

4 –   To sale of 14,060 lbs of 1905 senega root at 50 cts. per lb                       

 $7,030.00

5 –   Balance in hand from last acct.                                                                  

$1,704.60

6 –   To cash from threshing grain from V. Salikin                                                 

$900.20

7 –   To cash from threshing grain from A.F. Reibin                                              

$628.95

8 –   To cash from villages (1904 debts)                                                               

$368.50

9 –   To cash for sleigh, sand, etc. sold in Yorkton by Evan Podovinnikoff            

$479.10

10 – To cash from V.A. Potapoff, being net profit from store sales by him            

$428.25

11 – To cash for gristing from Blagoveshenie village                                              

$100.00

12 – To cash from Alexaevka village for needle work                                             

$25.30

13 – To cash from Yakutsk brothers:

 

                     M. Arishenkoff, Vosnesenie                                                              

$90.00

                     M. Novokshonoff, Blagoveshenie                                                      

$50.00

                     P. Kinakin, Klebodarnoe                                                                 

$15.00

                     T. Markin, Oospenie                                                                          

$5.00

                     N. N. Sookhocheff, Razbegaylovo                                                    

$18.00

                     F. Arishenkoff, Kamenka                                                                 

$15.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$75,646.30

 

 

Expenditure

 

 

 

Part 1, Land –

 

 

 

1 -  By entry fees for land, being balance due on 1,372 homesteads

 

      at $5.00 (except some Devil’s Lake townships)                                           

$6,860.00

2 -  By third payment on land purchased near village Vernoe                           

$13,275.00

3 -  By deposit on one section of land near Slavnoe                                           

$1,067.90

4 -  By deposit on 160 acres of H.B. Co land near village Pokrovka                     

$130.60

5 -  By deposit on 160 acres of land near Vossianie village                                   

$799.00

6 -  By purchase of land with building, sand pit and machine for

 

      making cement blocks at Yorkton                                                               

$3,265.40

7 -  By balance on house in Yorkton                                                                    

$250.00

8 -  By purchase on land at Swan River, Man.                                                      

$170.00

9 -  By deposit on land in Canora                                                                           

$85.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$25,841.40

 

 

Part 2, Horses and Oxen –

 

 

 

1 -  By interest on purchase price of horses bought in 1903                                  

$713.85

2 -  By purchase of one horse for village Slavnoe                                                  

$180.00

3 -  By purchase of horse by Simeon Kabatoff, village Spaskoe                            

$217.25

4 -  By purchase of oxen for village Razbegaylovo                                                

$272.60

5 -  By expense of Paul Planidin and Fedor Sookocheff when

 

      buying horses                                                                                                 

$120.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                                

$1,503.10

 

 

Part 3, Implements and Machinery –

 

 

 

1 -   By purchase of one 25 h.p. traction engine with separator

 

       from Gaar, Scott & Co.                                                                             

$3,300.00

2 -   By purchase of one 25 h.p. engine (traction) with separator

 

       from American Abell Co.                                                                           

$3,300.00

3 -   By purchase of one separator from American Abell Co.                                

$750.00

4 -   By purchase of 3, 25 h.p. plowing engines, Reeves & Co.,

 

       at $2,410 each                                                                                          

$7,230.00

5 -   By purchase of one 25 h.p. engine (plowing) with separator,

 

       from Reeves & Co.                                                                                   

$3,241.00

6 -   By purchase of one 20 h.p. plowing Reeves engine with

 

       separator for Devil’s Lake Colony                                                             

$2,890.00

7 -   By purchase of one 25 h.p. plowing Reeves engine with

 

       Separator for Devil’s Lake Colony                                                             

$3,500.00

8 -   By purchase of 38 binders at $115 each                                                    

$4,370.00

9 -   By purchase of 52 mowers at $41 each                                                     

$2,182.00

10 – By purchase 30,000 lbs of Manilla twine at $12.30 per 100 lbs                 

$3,690.00

11 – By purchase 50 sickles at $3.75 each                                                           

$187.50

12 – Balance for 1904 on binders and mowers                                                  

$5,457.00

13 – Balance for 1904 on drills, wagons, disc harrows, etc.                               

$2,607.50

14 – Balance for 1904 for engines                                                                     

$3,898.55

15 – By purchase 25 wagons at $51.50 each                                                    

$1,287.50

16 – By purchase 25 drills at $74.50 each                                                         

$1,862.50

17 – By purchase 20 disc harrows at $35.25                                                       

$705.00

18 – By purchase 60 plows at $18.00 each                                                       

$1,080.00

19 – By purchase 30 wagons at $52.50 each                                                    

$1,587.00

20 – By purchase 40 sleighs, 20 at $22.00 and 20 at $25.00                                

$940.00

21 – By purchase 7 gang plows, 4 shares at $133.00 each                                   

$931.90

22 – By purchase one hay press                                                                           

$220.00

23 – By difference to Gaar Scott for exchanging 18 h.p. portable

 

       engine for new 20 h.p. traction, freight on same                                             

$750.50

24 – By purchase of one wind stacker for separator                                             

$510.00

25 – By purchase of ten bellows for blacksmithing                                                

$135.25

26 – By purchase of 4 gang plows (2 shares) at $37.00 each                                

$148.00

27 – By purchase of shares and the repairs from Massey Harris Co.                     

$669.88

28 – By purchase of shares and repairs from Fairchild Co.                                   

$289.90

29 – By purchase of one buggy                                                                            

$127.00

30 – By purchase of one old sleigh and buggy for E. Podovinnikoff                         

$21.00

31 – By purchase of one spring wagon                                                                 

$300.00

32 – By purchase of one dray for hauling goods from railway to store                   

$168.65

33 – By purchase of one wagon in Yorkton                                                            

$77.00

34 – By purchase of 47 pumps                                                                            

$838.43

35 – By purchase of one fanning mill                                                                      

$28.00

36 – By expense of setting up machinery and certificates for engines                       

$89.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$59,108.45

 

 

Part 4, Dry goods, etc.

 

 

 

1 -   By payment for dry goods, including last year debts (exclusive

 

       of 1905 fall purchases)                                                                             

$31,695.15

2 -   By purchase of wheat (spring 1905) for some villages                                

$5,677.90

3 -   By garden seed                                                                                            

$218.80

4 -   By purchase of stove, tops and chimney covers                                          

$1,969.05

5 -   By purchase of harness and shoe leather                                                    

$9,237.10

6 -   By purchase of hardware, crockery and tools, including last

 

       year debts (except 1905 fall purchases)                                                    

$13,564.07

7 -   By purchase of sugar, tea, salt and other groceries                                     

$5,841.48

8 -   <indecipherable> grease and oil for implements                                          

$2,982.74

9 -   By purchase of glass for windows                                                              

$1,304.23

10 – By purchase of soap                                                                                 

$2,615.65

11 – By purchase of footwear for winter                                                           

$5,961.60

12 – By purchases of wool and expenses of shepherd                                          

$401.35

13 – By purchase of butter and tubs for same                                                    

$1,463.25

14 – By purchase of flour in spring 1905                                                              

$204.45

15 – By purchase of cement and cement block sundries in Yorkton                      

$899.19

16 – By minor purchase in Yorkton and Swan River by all villages                     

$2,366.10

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$86,562.12

 

 

Part 5. Sundries –

 

 

 

1 -   By travelling expense of Yakutsk brothers                                                  

$9,455.00

2 -   By purchase of three railway tickets from Winnipeg to

 

       Rosthern at $3.00 and one to Yorkton at $2.80 by Simeon

 

       Reibin, for Yakutsk brethren                                                                           

$19.80

3 -   By payment Mr. Selchuk for transportation to California                                

 $43.25

4 -   By payment Mr. Vladimir Titilman for transportation                                       

$14.05

5 -   By repairs for engines, separators and all implements                                  

$2,004.50

6 -   By permits for wood and brickyard freight                                                 

$1,049.10

7 -   By stationary and postage for general purposes                                               

$63.26

8 -   By payment to H.P. Archer for his needs                                                        

$75.00

9 -   By travelling expense of community officials                                                  

$454.50

10 – By transportation for workmen not repaid                                                    

$958.90

11 – By sundry purchase for flour mills and bridge on the North Colony             

$1,859.95

12 – By freight on goods purchased in Winnipeg, etc.                                        

$3,027.92

13 – By payment of loan to B.B.N.A. Yorkton, principal                                 

$50,500.00

14 – By 4 per cent, interest on same                                                                 

$2,124.25

15 – By school taxes at Devil’s Lake                                                                   

$422.40

16 – By school taxes at Fort Pelly                                                                        

$243.35

17 – By road taxes North Colony                                                                     

$1,506.50

18 – By road taxes at South Colony                                                                  

$1,192.00

19 – By purchase lumber, etc for building at Verigin Station                                  

$114.15

20 – By expense of building in Yorkton                                                                

$459.50

21 – By expenses for bags and commissions on selling seenga root

 

       to W. Flemming, Brandon                                                                             

$376.95

22 – By exchanging on cheques and remittance                                                      

$46.25

23 – By purchase of drugs in Winnipeg                                                                  

$65.00

24 – By purchase of one set of stones for flour mill, North Colony                          

$70.60

25 – By expenses of carpenters in Yorkton by Evan Podovinnikoff                       

$181.95

26 – The expense of Evan Podovinnikoff on himself and visitors                            

$831.15

27 – By school fees in Yorkton for three boys                                                        

$31.45

28 – By telegrams                                                                                                  

$51.36

29 – By surgical and other expenses for people with sore eyes                              

$339.25

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$76,943.14

 

 

Summary

 

 

 

Income, Part 1                                                                                              

$114,136.60

Income, Part 2                                                                                                

$75,646.30

 

 

Total Income                                                                                                

$189,782.90

 

 

Expenditure, Part 1                                                                                         

$25,841.40

Expenditure, Part 2                                                                                           

$1,503.10

Expenditure, Part 3                                                                                         

$59,108.45

Expenditure, Part 4                                                                                         

$86,562.12

Expenditure, Part 5                                                                                      

$76,943.14

Total                                                                                                            

$243,963.21

                                                                                                                                   

 

Grand total Expenditure                                                                                

$243,963.21

Grand total Income                                                                                       

$189,782.90

 

 

Adverse Balance                                                                                            

$30,180.81

 

 

The Summary of Debts -

 

 

 

1 -   Hardware                                                                                                 

$3,810.88

2 -   Glass                                                                                                           

$705.22

3 -  Groceries                                                                                                   

$1,746.43

4 -   Soap                                                                                                         

$1,000.70

5 -   Coal oil, axle grease, etc.                                                                           

$1,008.73

6 -   Dry goods (spring 1905)                                                                           

$4,280.30

7 -   Leather                                                                                                     

$1,506.11

8 -   Implements                                                                                             

$12,013.00

9 -   Engines                                                                                                   

$19,891.20

10 – Iron goods                                                                                                

$1,922.45

11 – Pumps                                                                                                         

$386.88

12 – Unpaid loan to B.B.N.A.                                                                          

$6,000.00

13 – To government for homesteads                                                                 

$5,900.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$60,180.31

 

 

We are paying 5 per cent per annum on all overdue accounts.

 

 

 

Inventory of property under direct control of Community Committee (exclusive of village outfits)

 

 

 

1903 – Engines

 

                      3 portable, two 18 h.p., one 16 h.p. of Gaar Scott Co.                

$2,000.00

                      2 tractions, 20 h.p. one of them much damaged G.S. Co.            

$1,600.00

                      1 traction 22 h.p. Gaar Scott & Co.                                            

$2,000.00

1904 – Engines

 

                     One 25 h.p. with very bad damage, of Reeves Co.                       

$1,000.00

1905 – Engines

 

                      5 traction engines, 25 h.p., Reeves Co.                                     

$10,000.00

                      1 traction engine, 20 h.p., Reeves Co.                                         

$1,900.00

                      1 traction engine, 28 h.p., American Abell Co.                            

$2,000.00

                      1 traction engine, 26 h.p., Gaar Scott Co.                                   

$2,000.00

Six separators, bought 1903                                                                             

$2,400.00

Five separators, bought 1905                                                                            

$3,500.00

Four saw mills                                                                                                  

$1,400.00

One planning mill                                                                                                 

$409.90

One hay press                                                                                                     

$200.00

One brick machine                                                                                               

$700.00

The buildings at saw mills                                                                                  

$1,000.00

The buildings at Verigin Station                                                                         

$1,500.00

Six grist mills                                                                                                     

$2,000.00

The land, not including Prince Albert colony interest                                         

$32,225.00

Outfit in Yorkton, 27 acres of land, one machine for making cement

 

Blocks, house for keeping cement, house for sick people. For all this

 

has been paid cash                                                                                            

$3,900.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$61,925.00

 

 

On the remained owing                                                                                   

$60,180.31

Interest 5 per cent, per annum                                                                           

$4,811.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$64,991.31

                    

 

Aforementioned inventory nearly covers all owing

 

 

 

An account of income and expenditure of the Evan E. Konkin, while assisting in the immigration of Yakutsk brethren:

 

 

 

Income

 

 

 

To cash received from Simeon Reibin in Yorkton                                                 

$200.00

To cash received from Simeon Reibin through bank at Moscow                            

$300.00

To cash received from Peter V. Verigin through the Moscow bank

 

care of Mr. Doonaeff                                                                                      

$10,000.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                              

$10,500.00

 

 

Expenditure

 

 

 

Part 1 –

 

 

 

By purchase of ticket from Yorkton to London, England                                         

$91.00

By ticket from London to Christchurch and return                                                     

$5.00

By ticket from London to Moscow                                                                        

$35.00

By ticket from Moscow to Yasnoe Polano and return                                               

$5.00

By ticket from Moscow to St. Petersburg and return, with travelling

 

expenses                                                                                                               

$10.00

By ticket from Moscow to Irkutsk, Siberia, by railway                                           

$15.50

By travelling expenses from Irkutsk till met brethren, and return

 

(on wagon)                                                                                                              

$9.50

By ticket from Irkutsk to Moscow, by railway                                                        

$15.50

By ticket and travelling expenses from Moscow to St. Petersburg

 

and return                                                                                                                

$8.00

By tickets for myself and Vasily Verigin from Moscow to Libaw                             

$10.50

By two tickets again with V.V. from Libaw to Mitaw, including

 

travelling expenses                                                                                                   

$8.50

By two tickets with V.V. and travelling expenses from London to

 

Christchurch and return                                                                                          

$10.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                                   

$323.50

 

 

Part 2 –

 

 

 

By purchase of 131 tickets at $11.00 each from Libaw to London on

 

the steamship                                                                                                    

$1,441.00

By purchase of 143 tickets at $24.50 from London, Liverpool to

 

Quebec, Canada                                                                                              

$3,503.50

By tickets for 16 children at $2.50 each                                                                  $40.00

 

By two tickets for A. Machortoff to Yorkton at $17.00                                         

 $34.00

By two tickets for L. Mackay to Yorkton                                                               

$39.50

By deposit in Quebec for 31 sick people for their expenses                                  

$430.00

By purchase of 123 tickets at $16.00 from Quebec to Winnipeg                        

$1,968.00

By 31 tickets at $5.00 from Winnipeg to Rosthern                                                

$117.60

By 78 tickets at $2.50 and $2.30 from Winnipeg to Verigin                                  

$220.80

By nine tickets from Winnipeg to Canora and Buchanan, Sask                                

$14.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                                

$7,878.40

 

 

Part 3, by part payments to Yakutsk brethren on the way –

 

                       

 

1 –   A. Reibin                                                                                                       

$29.00

2 –   E. Zbitneff                                                                                                     

$44.50

3 -   A. Moojelsky                                                                                                 

$11.50

4 -   A. Moojelsky and E. Zbitneff (for burying two children)                                 

 $27.50

5 -   P. Svetlisheff                                                                                                  

$22.00

6 -   F. Soukhocheff                                                                                                

$3.00

7 -   Evan Oosacheff                                                                                              

$16.50

8 -   A.S. Popoff                                                                                                     

$6.00

9 -   F. Strukoff                                                                                                       

$5.00

10 – L. Mackay                                                                                                    

$30.00

11 – E. Verigin

$25.00

12 – V. Shiloff

 $5.30

13 – E. Jmaeff                                                                                                         

$8.00

14 – N. Shkuratoff                                                                                                  

$2.00

15 – S. Oosacheff                                                                                                   

$2.50

16 – N. Kazakoff                                                                                                    

$1.00

17 – N. Sherbkoff                                                                                                   

$4.00

18 – Samsonoff for wife                                                                                         

$12.50

19 – P. Verigin

$17.00

20 – E. Choudakoff                                                                                                 

$5.00

21 – G. Posnikoff                                                                                                    

$4.00

22 – E. Popoff                                                                                                       

$11.00

23 – M. Popoff                                                                                                     

$10.00

24 – N. Rilkoff

$10.00

25 – F. Diachkoff                                                                                                    

$1.50

26 – A. Verishagin                                                                                                   

$1.00

27 – For renting house for party in Libaw                                                               

$24.00

 

 

Total                                                                                                                   

$338.00

 

 

Part 4 –

 

 

 

By payment to V. Tchertkoff for his travelling expenses in connection

 

with the Yakutsk brothers’ transportation                                                               

$30.00

By payment to Tchertkoff in account of Doukhobor transportation                        

$230.00

By payment of V. Verigin debts in Siberia                                                              

$78.00

<indecipherable> in Moscow                                                                               

$125.00

By remittance to mother in Russia                                                                             

$5.00

By telegrams on the way                                                                                          

$7.00

By payments for hotels in Montreal, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Irkutsk,

 

Libaw and Mitaw                                                                                                  

$20.00

By expense on E. Konkin himself personally for four months                                   

$87.00

By expense on Vasil Verigin                                                                                   

$12.50

By purchase of two suits of cloth for Konkin and Vasil Verigin                                

$30.00

By payment for exchange of Canadian money for Russian                                     

$403.10

By balance handed to Simeon Reibin on arrival                                                  

$1,045.00
   

Total                                                                                                                

$2,060.10

 

 

Summary

 

 

 

Income, total                                                                                                  

$10,500.00

Expenditure, Part 1                                                                                              

$223.50

Expenditure, Part 2                                                                                           

$7,878.40

Expenditure, Part 3                                                                                              

$338.00

Expenditure, Part 4                                                                                           

$2,060.10

 

 

Total expenditure                                                                                            

$10,500.00

 


 

Notes

 

The Community was formally a democracy in which the general meeting was the supreme governance authority. However, in practice, while Peter “Lordly” Verigin’s formal powers were small, his real influence was immense. This was due, not only to his position as hereditary leader, but to his powerful personality, superior education and intellectual prowess. Resolutions at the annual general meetings never went contrary to his advice, and during the twelve months that elapsed between meetings, he and his advisors acted as an executive with sweeping powers to make almost any decision on behalf of the Community.

The general account reveals the dual financial structure within the Community, consisting of the central office and treasury and the villages. All village income, sales and other general transactions were dispatched through the central office. At the same time, assets were held by the Community as a whole as well as by the villages. The general account, however, only identifies property under the direct control of the Community and not that held by the villages, giving an incomplete idea of the overall value of Community property.

In 1905, the income of the Community as a business concern amounted to $189,782.90 and its expenditures amounted to $243,963.21, not counting a bank loan of $50,500.00 which Peter “Lordly” Verigin was able to secure at the very advantageous rate of 4 per cent, covered by Community assets of $61,925.00. This balance reflects the daring deficit financing which Verigin was undertaking, whereby, a planned excess of expenditure over income created a shortfall of Community revenue which was met by borrowing. The decision to create a deficit was made to build up the infrastructure of the Community as a self-contained entity through great investments in machinery and industrial plants.

The general account gives an incomplete idea of the overall productiveness of the Community, which, numbering over eight thousand people, was largely self-supporting. Many tens of thousands of tonnes of wheat were grown and ground into flour, vegetables grown for food, flax and wool produced, spun and woven for clothing, dairy products produced from the communal herd of cattle, and many buildings, equipment and household goods manufactured, all for internal use by the Community. None of this directly involved income or expenditure, assets or liabilities, and therefore, was not included in the general account.

Finally, in reviewing the general account it must be recalled that only six years prior, the Doukhobors had arrived in Canada with no capital but strong hearts and willing hands, none having even the faintest knowledge of the English language, Canadian law, or modern methods of business and agriculture. The rapid material achievements of the Community over such a brief period, owing in no small part to the leadership of Peter “Lordly” Verigin is nothing short of a sociological and economic wonder.

 

For more information on the general meetings and accounts of the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, see the 1904 Report, 1910 Report and the 1912 Report of the General Meeting of the Doukhobor Community.