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Index of Russian Archival Terms

 

In order to find and use specific types of Russian records, researchers need to be able to identify and understand some key terms in the Russian language. The following index contains record and archival terms transliterated from Russian (left column) and their English translations (right column). The terms included here are those that you are likely to find in Russian genealogical sources. If the term you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Russian-English dictionary. Compiled by Jonathan J. Kalmakoff.

 

Index -- Record Types - Archival Terms - Other Terms

 


 

Record Types

 

Akt

deed; document

Akt o smerti pereselentsa

death certificate of an immigrant

Akt ob Usynovlenii

adoption certificate

Brachnye Dokumenty

marriage documents

Chelobitnaya

petition; the document whose purpose was the obtaining of certain privileges or donations

Desyatina

district list of service people (noblemen, Cossacks, etc.) in Imperial Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries

Dogovor

agreement; contract

Domovaya Kniga

house register; administrative account of the population of Russian cities in the 19th and early 20th centuries

Gorodovaya Kniga

city register; administrative account of the population of Russian cities in the 18th and 19th centuries

Imennoi Podvornyi Spisok

list of household members; administrative account of the population

Ispovednaya Rospisí

account of the church population

Ispovednaya Vedomostí

account of the church population

Kameralínoe Opisanie

judicial description (family list); administrative account of the population

Kartochka Pereselentsa

immigrant card

Kladbishchenskaya Kniga

burial register

Kniga Registratsii RodivshikhsyaI Umershikh Gosudarstvennykh Krestíyan

state peasant birth and death register

Kniga Zapisi Umershikh

death register

Metricheskaya Kniga

metrical book; parish register; birth certificate; baptismal certificate

Metricheskaya Zapisí

metrical record; civil vital records

Metrika

metrical book; parish register; birth certificate; baptismal certificate

Mezhevaya Kniga

survey book; administrative account of property ownership, borders and sizes

Nekrolog

obituary

Obyvatelískaya Kniga

register of inhabitants; administrative account of the population of Russian cities in the 19th and 19th centuries

Otkrytyi List

open list; police account of prisoners

Pasport

passport

Pasportnaya Kniga

passport book; police register of passports

Pasport Zagranichnyi

foreign passport

Perepisí Naseleniia

census

Podatnye spisok

poll-tax list

Posemeinyi Spisok

family list; administrative account of the population

Predbrachnoe Svidetelístvo

pre-marriage license

Razbor Rekrutskikh Poslug

military service review; military account of the population

Registratsionjnaya Kniga Dlya Zapisi Krestíyan Derevni

register book of village peasants taken in the 18th to early 20th centuries

Reviziia

revision; census in Imperial Russia in 1718-1857

Revizskaya skazka

revision list; census record

Rodoslovnye Knigi

genealogical books; provincial account of the gentry class in Imperial Russia

Rospisí Rekrutov

recruit list; military account of the population

Spiski Pereselentsev

list of immigrants; administrative account of the population

Spiski Prezyvnikov

recruit list; military account of the population

Svedeniya o Rekrute

recruit data; military account of the population

Svidetelístvo o Brake

marriage certificate

Svidetelístvo o Rozhdenii

birth certificate

Svidetelístvo o Smerti

death certificate

Svidetelístvo o Udocherenii

adoption certificate

Svidetelístvo o Vypolnenii

certificate of performance of compulsory military

Voinskoy Povinnosti

service

Semeinyi Spisok

family list; administrative account of the population

Uvolínitelínyi Bilet

discharge ticket; document of discharge from military service

Uvolínitelínoe Svidetelístvo

discharge certificate; document of discharge from military service

Ukaz

edict; ukase

Vid Na Zhitelístvo

residence permit

Vladennaya Zapisí

title; deed

Vrachebnaya Kartochka

medical card

Zaposí o Brake

record of marriage

Zapisí o Kreshchenii

record of christening

Zapisí o Pogrebennom

record of death

Zapisí o Rozhdenii

record of birth

Zapisí o Umershem

record of death

Zapisí o Venchanii

record of church wedding

Zaveshchanie

will; testament

Zhalovannaya Gramota

bestowal letter fixing property rights of successors

 


 

Archival Terms

 

Anketa

questionnaire

Arkhiv

archive

Blank Zakaza

request form

Bobina

film reel

Byulletení

bulletin

Delo

file; a basic classification unit within a fond

Deloproizvodstvennye Materialy

documents of management and record-keeping

Diagramma

diagram

Diplomaticheskaia Perepiska

diplomatic correspondence

Doklad

report

Dokladnaya Zapiska

memorandum

Dokument

document

Donesenie

dispatch

Federalínyi Arkhiv

federal archive

Fond

document collection; record group; a basic organizational grouping of archival materials

Fotokopiya

photocopy

Gosudarstvennyi Arkhiv

state archive

Grafik

graph; diagram; schedule

Gramota

document; deed

Instruktsiia

instruction

Istochnik

source, archival source

Istochniki Lichnogo Proiskhozhdeniia

sources of personal origin; personal documents

Kartoteka

card catalog/index

Katalog

catalog; directory

Khronograf

chronological record

Kopiia

copy

Letopis'

chronicle; annals

Lichnyi Arkhiv

personal collection

List

folio; list; sheet (of paper)

Listok Ucheta

registration form

Literaturnyi Pamiatnik

literary work

Mandat

mandate, warrant

Manuskript

old (ancient) manuscript

Massovye Istochniki

mass, popular sources

Mikrofil'm

microfilm

Nakaz

order; instructions

Nazvanie

title

Nomer

number

Norma

norm; standard

Novyi Stil'

new style; a new system of chronology, based on the Gregorian calendar, introduced in Russia on February 14 (1), 1918

Oborot

verso; reverse side of a sheet.

Obzor

survey; summary; description

Obíyavlenie

advertisement; notice

Opisanie

description; survey.

Opis

inventory; unpublished inventory of a fond; a list of dela; a basic finding aid

Otchet

record; account; report

Otpisí

letter; legal document

Papka

paper folder

Perechen'

list; inventory

Petitsiya

petition; written supplication

Pis'mennyi Istochnik

written source; a document; an archival source containing any types of written, typed or printed material

Pisímo

 letter

Plan raboty

plan of work

Podlinnik

original; authentic document

Polozhenie

regulation; statute

Posemeinyi spisok

family list

Postanovlenie

decree; decision; resolution

Predpisanie

direction; instruction

Prikaz

order

Proshenie

petition; written supplication

Putevoditel'

guide; a published archival finding aid covering major document collections of a particular archive

Raport

brief report

Rasporiazhenie

order; instruction

Rassekrecheno

declassified

Reestr

register; list; roll

Regionalínyi Arkhiv

regional archive

Rezoliutsiia

resolution; decision

Rukopis'

manuscript; handwritten document

Sekretno

classified

Skhema

diagram

Sluzhebnoe pis'mo

official letter

Sobranie

archival collection

Spisok

list; inventory; index

Spravka

information; notification; report

Spravochnik

guide; finding aid

Staryi Stil'

old style; an old-style system of chronology, based on the Julian calendar, existed in Russia from 1700 and replaced by novyi stilí in accordance with the February 14, 1918 reform

Statistika

statistics

Sushchestvuyushchii

extant

Tarif

tariff; rate

Telegramma

telegram

Tema

topic

Ukazanie

directive; command

Unichtozheno

destroyed

Ustav

statute; regulation

Vetkhoe

fragile; in bad condition

Vnutrennyaya Opisí

internal inventory of all documents in the delo

Vodyanoy Znak

watermark

Vypiska

note; copy

Zaiavlenie

request, application

Zhurnal Ucheta

registration book; account ledger

 


 

Other Russian Terms


 

Bibliography

  • Dal, V.I. Tolkovyi Slovar Zhivogo Velikorusskago Iazyka. (Moscow, 1999).

  • Kroutikhin, Mikhail I. Correspondence to the author re: Russian genealogical terms. September, 2006.

  • Mueller, V.K. English-Russian Dictionary. 24th Ed. (Moscow, 1995).

  • Pushkarev, Sergei G. Dictionary of Russian Historical Terms from the Eleventh Century to 1917 (Yale, 1970).