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Index of Russian Familial Terms

 

In order to find and use specific types of Russian records, researchers need to be able to identify and understand some key terms in the Russian language. The following index contains familial, kinship and gender terms transliterated from Russian (left column) and their English translations (right column). The terms included here are those that you are likely to find in Russian genealogical sources. If the term you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Russian-English dictionary. Compiled by Jonathan J. Kalmakoff.

 

Index -- Kinship Terms - Family Events - Gender Terms - Other Terms

 


 

Kinship Terms

 

Babka; Babushka

grandmother

Bliznets

twin

Brat

brother

Bratan; Bratanik,

cousin (male)

Bratanikha

(archaic) wife of the cousin (male)

Bratanich; Bratych

(archaic) brotherís son; nephew

Bratets; Bratushka

little brother

Brat Po Materi

half-brother (same mother, different father)

Brat Po Otsu

half-brother (same father, different mother)

Ded; Dedushka

grandfather

Deverí

brother-in-law (husbandís brother)

Dochí

daughter

Dvoyurodnii Brat

first cousin (male)

Dvoyurodnii Ded

granduncle; great-uncle

Dvoyurodnii Dyadya

(archaic) first cousin (male) once removed; first cousin (male) of the mother or father

Dvoyurodnaya Babka

grandaunt; great-aunt

Dvoyurodnaya Sestra

first cousin (female)

Dvoyurodnaya Tetka

(archaic) first cousin (female) once removed; first cousin (female) of the mother or father

Dyadya; Dyadushka

uncle

Edinokrovnaya Sestra

half-sister (same father, different mother)

Edinokrovnii Brat

half-brother (same father, different mother)

Edinoutrobnii Brat

half-brother (same mother, different father)

Edinoutrobnaya Sestra

half-sister (same mother, different father)

Kholostyachka

bachelorette

Kholostyak

bachelor

Krestnaya Matí

godmother

Krestnii Otets

godfather

Krestnik

godson

Krestnitsa

goddaughter

Kum

godfather

Kuma

godmother

Machekha

step-mother

Matí; Matushka

mother

Muzh

husband

Nevesta

fiancťe

Nevestka

daughter-in-law; sister-in-law (brotherís wife)

Nezakonnaya Dochí

illegitimate daughter

Nezakonnii Syní

illegitimate son

Opekun

guardian (male)

Opekunsha

guardian (female)

Otchim

step-father

Otets

father

Padcheritsa

step-daughter

Pasynok

step-son

Plemyannik

nephew

Plemyannitsa

niece

Pobochnaya Dochí

illegitimate daughter

Pobochnyi Syn

illegitimate son

Potomok

descendant

Potomstvo

progeny

Prababka

great-grandmother

Praded

great-grandfather

Praroditelí

progenitor

Pravnuchka

great-granddaughter

Pravnuk

great-grandson

Predok

ancestor; forefather

Primak

son-in-law living with his wife's family

Priyomnaya Matí

foster-mother

Priyomnii Otets

foster-father

Priyomysh

adopted child; foster child

Roditelí

parent

Rodnoy Brat

sibling

Rodnya

kindred; kin

Rodstvennik

relative (male); kinsman

Rodstvennik So Storony Supruga

in-law; relative (male) of the spouse

Rodstvennitsa

relative (female); kinswoman

Rodstvennitsa So Storony Supruga

in-law; relative (female) of the spouse

Sestra

sister

Sestra Krestnaya

god-sister (daughter of godmother/godfather)

Sestra Po Materi

half-sister (same mother, different father)

Sestra Po Otsu

half-sister (same father, different mother)

Sestrenitsa

(archaic) daughter of a sister

Sestrenka

little sister

Sestrichna

(archaic) daughter of the sister

Shurin

brother-in-law (wifeís brother)

Sirota

orphan

Snokha

daughter-in-law

Srodnik

(archaic) relative (male); kinsman

Srodnitsa

(archaic) relative (female); kinswoman

Staraya Deva

spinster

Strui

(archaic) uncle; brother of the father

Supruga

wife; spouse

Suprug

husband; spouse

Svat

father of a son/daughter-in-law

Svatíya

mother of a son/daughter-in-law

Svedenyi Brat

step-brother

Svekor

father-in-law (husbandís father)

Svekroví

mother-in-law (husbandís mother)

Svodnaya Sestra

step-sister; half-sister

Svodnii Brat

step-brother; half-brother

Svoyachenitsa

sister-in-law (wifeís sister)

Svoyachina

sister-in-law (wifeís sister)

Svoyak

brother-in-law (wifeís sisterís husband)

Syn

son

Syn Ot Pervoi Zheny

son from first wife

Syn Ot Vtoroi Zheny

son from second wife

Synovets

(archaic) nephew; brotherís son

Synovitsa

(archaic) niece; brotherís daughter

Tetya; Tetka

aunt

Teshcha

mother-in-law (wifeís mother)

Testí

father-in-law (wifeís father)

Troyurodnii Brat

second cousin (male)

Troyurodnii Ded

first cousin (male) three times removed

Troyurodnaya Babka

first cousin (female) three times removed

Troyurodnaya Sestra

second cousin (female)

Ui

(archaic) uncle; motherís brother

Uiets

(archaic) cousin; son of the uncle

Uika

(archaic) aunt; wife of uncle

Vdova; Vdovitsa

widow (female)

Vdovets

widow (male)

Vnuchatnaya Babka

(archaic) first cousin (female) three times removed

Vnuchataya Plemyannitsa

grand niece

Vnuchatnaya Sestra

(archaic) second cousin (female)

Vnuchatnii Brat

(archaic) second cousin (male)

Vnuchatnii Ded

(archaic) first cousin (male) three times removed

Vnuchatnii Plemyannik

grand nephew

Vnuchka; Vnuka

granddaughter

Vnuk; vnuchek

grandson

Vospriemnik

godfather

Vospriemnitsa

godmother

Vtoraya Zhena

second wife

Vui

(archaic) uncle; motherís brother

Vuiets

(archaic) cousin; son of the uncle

Vuika

(archaic) aunt; wife of uncle

Yatroví

(archaic) wife of the brother; wife of the brother-in-law

Zhena; Zhenka

wife

Zhena Syna

daughter-in-law

Zhenikh

bride-groom; fiancť

Zolovka

sister-in-law (husbandís sister)

Zyatí

son-in-law; brother-in-law (sisterís husband)

 


 

Family Events

 

Brak

marriage

Devichnik

feast celebrated by bride and girlfriends on eve of wedding; stagette party

Konfirmatsiya

confirmation

Kreshchenie

christening; baptism

Krestiny

christening; baptism

Malíchishnik

feast celebrated by bridegroom and friends on eve of wedding; stag party

Panikhida

requiem; mass for the dead

Pogrebenie

burial; interment

Pokhorony

burial; funeral

Pominanie

prayer for the dead

Pominki

memorial service for someone who has recently died; wake

Pomolvka

betrothal; engagement

Posidelka

evening party attended by unmarried girls and young men; part of the courtship pattern

Razvod

separation; divorce

Rozhdenie

birth

Smertí

death

Svadíba

wedding party

Ukhazhivanie

courtship; wooing

Vecherinka

evening party attended by unmarried girls and young men; part of the courtship pattern

Venchanie

nuptials; (church) wedding

 


 

Gender Terms

 

Baba; Babushka

old woman

Chado

(archaic) child

Chelovek

man; person

Deti; Detki

children

Devstvennitsa

virgin

Devochka

young girl

Devushka

maiden; grown up girl

Deva

virgin (female)

Malíchik

boy

Mladenets

infant; child

Mladshii

minor

Muzhchina

man; male

Otrok

(archaic) boy; lad; teenager

Rebenok

baby; child

Starik; Starichok

old man; elder

Starukha; Starushka

old woman; elder

Vzroslyi

adult; grown-up

Zhenshina

woman; female

 


 

Other Russian Terms


 

Bibliography

  • Dal, V.I. Tolkovyi Slovar Zhivogo Velikorusskago Iazyka. (Moscow, 1999).

  • Kroutikhin, Mikhail I. Correspondence to the author re: Russian genealogical terms. September, 2006.

  • Mueller, V.K. English-Russian Dictionary. 24th Ed. (Moscow, 1995).

  • Pushkarev, Sergei G. Dictionary of Russian Historical Terms from the Eleventh Century to 1917 (Yale, 1970).