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Index of Russian Genealogical Terms

 

In order to find and use specific types of Russian records, researchers need to be able to identify and understand some key terms in the Russian language. The following index contains general genealogical terms transliterated from Russian (left column) and their English translations (right column). The terms included here are those that you are likely to find in Russian genealogical sources. If the term you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Russian-English dictionary. Compiled by Jonathan J. Kalmakoff.

 

Index -- A - B - Ch - D - E - F - G - I - K - L - M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - Y - Z - Other Terms

 


 

A

Adres

address

B

Bednyi

indigent; poor

Beremennaya

pregnant

Bezdetnyi

childless

Bezobraznyi

deformed

Biblioteka

library

Bibliya

Bible

Bog

God

Bolezní

disease; sickness

Bolínoy

sick

Bolíshoy

large; great

Ch

Chastí

part; portion; share

Cherespolosnyi

property scattered among several plots of land

Cherta

line; boundary

Chislo

number; figure; quantity

Chto

what; that

D

Devichíya Familia

maiden name

Dar

dower

Data

date

Data Rozhdeniya

date of birth

Data Smerti

date of death

Denígi

money

Dení Angela

name-day; festival of the anniversary of oneís saint

Dení Rozhdeniya

birthday

Dlya

for

Dolya

part; portion; share

Dom

home; house

Domokhoziain

household head; landlord

Dovod

proof; argument; evidence

Drug

friend

Dusha

soul; person

E

Ee

her

Ego

him

Emigrant

emigrant

Etnicheskaya Prinadlezhností

ethnicity

Eto

it

F

Familia

surname

Fotografiya

photograph

G

Gazeta

newspaper

Gde

where

Genealogiya

genealogy

Genealogicheskoe Drevo

family tree

Geograficheskii Spravochnik

gazetteer

Geralídika

heraldry

Gerb

coat-of-arms

Glukhoy

deaf

Gospodin

Mister; Mr.

Gospozha

Mrs.

Grazhdanin / Grazhdanka

citizen (m/f)

Grazhdanstvo

citizenship

Grob; Grobnitsa

tomb; grave; coffin

I

I

and; also

Ili

either; or

Imenie

property; holding; estate

Imeniny

name-day; oneís Saintís day

Immigrant

immigrant

Imperskii

imperial

Imushchestvo

chattels

Imya

name

Inostranets / Inostranka

foreigner (m/f)

Ispytanie

trial; investigation; examination

Istoriya

history

Iz

from; out of

Izba

house; hut

Izgnannik / Izgnannitsa

exile (m/f)

K

Kak

how

Kalandr

calendar

Karta

map

Khleb

bred; crops; grain

Khromoy

crippled

Kladbishche

cemetery; graveyard

Kniga

book

Kogda

when

Korova

cow

Kto

who

Kylítura

culture

L
Laskatel'noe Imya pet name

Let

years old

Lineinyi

lineal

Loshadí

horse

Lyudi

people

M

Maleníkii

small

Materinskii

maternal

Mertvorozhdennyi

stillborn

Mestnyi

local

Mesto Rozhdeniya

place of birth

Mesto Smerti

place of death

Mesto Zhitelístva

residence

Mir

peasant council in Imperial Russia that held assemblies, voted on matters affecting the village and organized collective undertakings

Mladshii

youngest; younger; (name) the Younger

Mogila

grave; mound

Muzei

museum

Muzhik

little man; peasant; man of a lower class

My

we

N

Na

on; upon; to

Narod

nation

Naselenie

population

Naslednik

heir

Naslednitsa

heiress

Nasledovanie

inheritance

Natsionalíností

nationality

Nazvanie

name; appellation

Nemets / Nemka

(archaic) foreigner (m/f)

Nemoy

mute

Nenazvannyi

unnamed; nameless

Ne Sostoyashchii V Brake

unmarried; single

Nesovershennoletnii

underage

Novobrachnyi newly-wedded; newly-married

Novoobrashcheniyi

convert

Novorozhdennyi

newly-born; newborn

Novoselets / Novoselka new settler (m/f)
O

O

about; concerning

Obrok

poll tax or fixed payment paid by peasants in Imperial Russia

Obshchestvo

society; community; association

Obshchina

peasant commune or community

Obyvatelí / Obyvatitsa

inhabitant (m/f)

Odnofamilets / Odnofamilitsa

person with same surname (m/f)

Ona

she

Ona umerla

(she) died

On

he

Oni

they

On umer

(he) died

On zhe

called; also known as

Ostavlennyi

left; left-hand

Ostrog

prison; jail

Otchestvo

patronymic (middle name)

Otecheskii

paternal

Otechestvo

homeland; native land

Otsovskii

paternal

P

Paskha

Easter

Pereselenets / Pereselenka

emigrant

Pereselenie

emigration; removal to; transmigration

Pisímo

letter; correspondence

Plemya

family; kin; relatives; tribe

Po Angliskii

in English

Pochemu

why

Pod

under; near; to

Podatí

tax

Podlisí

signature

Pogost

churchyard; cemetery

Pokoynyi

deceased

Pomestíe

real estate; landed property

Poselenets / Poselenka

settler; colonist; deportee (m/f)

Poselyanin / Poselyanka

villager; peasant (m/f)

Potomstvo

offspring; issue

Po Russkii

in Russian

Pozhitki

property; chattels; moveable property; belongings

Pravo

right; law; code of laws

Pravyi

right; right-hand

Predostavlenie

grant; bestowal; reservation

Preklonnykh Let

of great age

Prestunnik / Prestunnitsa

convict (m/f)

Priblizitelíno

circa; approximately

Prichina Smerti

cause of death

Pridanoe

dowry

Proiskhozhdenie

lineage

Proizvodnoe Imya derivative (diminutive) name

Prosíba

prayer

Prozvanie

nickname

Prozvishche

nickname

Psevdonim

alias

Putí

way; road; passage

R

Rabota

work; job

Rasa

race

Remeslo

handicraft; trade; profession

Religiya

religion

Rod

gender; clan

Rodina

homeland; Motherland

Rodoslovnaya

pedigree

Rodstvo

kinship

Rossia

Russia

Rozhdestvo Khristovo

Christmas

S

Segodnya

today

Semeistvo

family

Semeinoe Polozhenie

marital status

Semíya

family

Sever

north

Slaboumnyi

weak-minded; imbecile; crazy

Slepoy

blind

Smertí

death

Sobranie

assembly; meeting; gathering

Sobstvenností

property; ownership

Soslovie

class; estate; rank

Sovet

advice; counsel; agreement; assembly

Ssylka

exile; deportation; banishment

Ssylínyi

exile; outlaw; convict

Starinnyi

ancient; old

Starobytnyi

ancient; old; old-fashioned

Starostí

old age

Starozhilets / Starozhilka

old inhabitant; long-term resident (m/f)

Starshii

oldest; older; (name) the Elder

Staryi

old; aged; elderly

Stradanie

suffering

Sud

trial court

Svakha

match-maker

Svatostvo

match-making; wooing

Sverstnik / Sverstnitsa

person of the same age or rank (m/f)

Svidetelí

witness

Svoistvo

relationship by marriage

T

Tezka

namesake

Tovar

goods; merchandise; wares

Tovarishch

comrade; companion; colleague

Traditsiya

tradition; custom

Trup

corpse

Tsar

sovereign; ruler of Imperial Russia

Tsarevich

son of the Tsar

Tsarevna

daughter of the Tsar

Tsaritsa

Tsarís wife

Tsarstvo

Tsardom; realm

Tserkoví

church

U

Udocherenie

adoption (of a girl)

Udostoverenie

evidence; testimony

Ulitsa

street

Umen'shitel'noe Imya diminutive name

Urodlivyi

deformed

Usynovlenie

adoption (of a boy)

V

V

into; towards; on; at

Vchera

yesterday

Veche

town meeting or assembly

Vechnaya Pamyatí

eternal memory

Vera

faith; creed; religion

Vostok

east

Vozrast

age

Vremya

time

Y

Yazyk

language

Yug

south

Z

Zanyatie

occupation

Zapad

west

Zavtra

tomorrow

Zemlevladenie

land ownership in Imperial Russia

Zhenatyi

married

Zhilets / Zhilitsa

(archaic) inhabitant (m/f)

Zhizní

life

 


 

Other Russian Terms


 

Bibliography

  • Dal, V.I. Tolkovyi Slovar Zhivogo Velikorusskago Iazyka. (Moscow, 1999).

  • Kroutikhin, Mikhail I. Correspondence to the author re: Russian genealogical terms. September, 2006.

  • Mueller, V.K. English-Russian Dictionary. 24th Ed. (Moscow, 1995).

  • Pushkarev, Sergei G. Dictionary of Russian Historical Terms from the Eleventh Century to 1917 (Yale, 1970).