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Tselina

District: Tselina
Province: Rostov
Country: Russia
 
Following the Russian Revolution, the Doukhobors were invited to return to the Motherland to help build the new life there. In 1921-1923, 4,200 Doukhobors from Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey were permitted to resettle on 25,000 acres in the Salísk steppe (present-day Tselina district) of Rostov province, Russia. For the first year, the Doukhobors lived in dugouts. By 1923, they established twenty-one villages of 200 persons each, settled in two lines known as the Petrovskoy Line and the Veriginsky Line. Organizing themselves on a communal basis, they planted vast grain fields and raised extensive livestock herds on the fertile steppes. Between 1928 and 1932, the villages were collectivized by the Soviets. In the 1950ís, the villages were consolidated into eleven villages. By the 1960ís, the collective farms were consolidated into two large collective farms, the 22nd Party Congress Collective Farm and the Lenin Collective Farm. Today the population is mixed Doukhobor and Orthodox Russian.
 

 

 

 
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